Law as a career option is in demand these days. This profession has evolved due to the changing social and economic circumstances and the ever-increasing regulatory role undertaken by the government. To enter into law colleges, students have to crack CLAT (an entrance exam), to prepare for the exam you can join our CLAT Coaching Centres.
You can also take our online CLAT Crash Course to gear up your preparation.
Besides being financially lucrative, Law is an adventurous and exciting career option. Students interested in this career can pursue a five-year law course or a three-year law course after graduation. It was believed formerly that studying law only limits an individual to the court, but the options have expanded with time. An individual can enter into different fields such as civil litigation, corporate lawyer, patent attorney, legal analyst, and can also pursue higher studies after it. All this helps them to gain a lot of perspective about law. And, after knowing the various aspects of law, they can also work as an independent lawyer or establish a law firm.
Specializations in Law
Listed below are some fields one can specialize in and have a lucrative career
- Civil Law
- Corporate Law
- Taxation Law
- Criminal Law
- Family Law
- Administration Law
- Labor Law
- International Law
- Constitutional Law
- Patent Law etc
Advocates are the legal advisers and solution providers to legal issues. Issues can range from disputes of marriage, property, criminal offence, divorce, or even the rights of an individual etc. Lawyers represent their clients in the court – be it initiating a lawsuit, formal hearings, documenting legal papers, assessing the cases to come up with solutions or any other legal issue. Advocates can practice law in the District Court, the State High Court, or the Central Supreme Court. There are many tribunals and forums they can choose from.
Litigator or legal practitioners deal with crimes as proposed by clients. They represent their clients in the courts of law and handle matters ranging from criminal and civil to commercial cases. A person can start his career in this field by practising under a senior lawyer. Another way is to establish your own law firm and make your way through it. Most of the litigators are self-employed and charge as per their appearances in the court. The expected range is from Rs. 15000-20,000 depending on the experience. However, it may rise exponentially with the level of experience and increase in clients.
A corporate lawyer makes sure that the company is abiding by the rules of the law. Corporate lawyers see if the organization is adhering to the rules and regulations. He deals with the suing cases or the issues of stakeholders. The work area ranges from negotiating contracts to facilitating mergers and ensuring compliance of regulations. A fresher starting off at a decent law firm can expect to earn between Rs 7-8 lakh per annum.
Students can also work as the Judicial Machinery of our Country as a Judge or Magistrate. For entering into judicial services, students are required to clear an exam conducted by The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). This is a nationwide exam for the recruitment to various civil service positions in the Government like Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS), Indian Foreign Services (IFS) etc.
The lowest post of the Magistrate and Subjudge is elected by the recruitment through Public Service Commission or by the supervision of High Court. The Magistrate judge gives an initial decision on the criminal cases, and the Sub Judge decides the civil cases. Through promotion, these judges could become district judges and also attain higher posts. Salaries for the judges and government officials are revised from time to time as notified by the government.
Law graduates can also join a law firm and conduct analyses regarding the legal rules and obligations of the company. They can conduct legal research, assemble legal documents and evidence, maintain databases and tracking systems. This requires them to own a license in order to practice law. Legal Analysts also have the ability to assist in drafting various legal documents and also guide lawyers and legal teams. In the case of financial law, this is a great option as it requires you to be well analytical with amazing administrative skills.
Human Rights Lawyer
If a law graduate is also concerned about the sensitive issues of the world and wants to contribute to the well-being of the country. He can stand and fight against disputes like human rights, animal welfare, and environment.
After a bachelor’s degree, you need to pursue a Juris Doctor(JD)degree to start your career in this field. You can gain experience through MOOT courts, internships, and legal clinics during graduation which will also prepare an individual for the job. The salary of a human rights lawyer is around 4 Lakh per annum in India which varies according to the work experience.
Overall, completing a law degree is the first step to a successful career in this field. Know the option well, and choose wisely before you take up a career path.