The nodal agency that conducts the CLAT examination is the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLU). All the updates regarding the CLAT examination are usually updated on their official website. The most crucial information that candidates seek out is regarding the dates of examination, CLAT exam pattern, marking scheme, timings, etc. 

Before we understand the detailed CLAT syllabus and exam pattern, let us have a quick glance at the most important facts about CLAT 2022:

Mode Offline Mode
Duration  2 Hours 
Number of Questions CLAT UG: 150 
Total Marks CLAT UG: 150
Language  English
Question Type Objective Questions
Marking Scheme +1 for Correct Answer
-0.25 for Incorrect Answer

Analysis of the CLAT Exam Pattern 2022

Let us analyze the CLAT Exam on various parameters. One crucial piece of information in this aspect is that: There is no descriptive section in the CLAT exam. No essay-type questions are asked in the CLAT exam. 

Quantitative Section 

In this section, usually, the questions are based on short sets of facts, graphs, or numerical information represented in the form of diagrams or pictures. It involves reasoning and analytical questions. Candidates may be asked to analyze these numerical data, graphs, and texts to answer these questions.

Passage-Based Questions

These are the most popular types of questions that are asked in the CLAT exam. A 300 – 400 words passage is presented to the candidates, and questions are asked from the same passage. One of the important sections of CLAT is the legal reasoning part which evaluates the candidate’s subject knowledge and legal aptitude. Passage-based questions are quite popular for the legal reasoning part. 

Questions Standard

Many candidates worry about the standard of questions in CLAT. Are they too difficult to answer? Well, the questions asked in CLAT UG are generally of the 10+2 standards. However, it also tests candidates on some advanced concepts and foundation domains of the Law UG courses. The CLAT exam mostly evaluates the general aptitude and legal approach of a candidate. It helps understand the candidate’s potential to be successful in the law industry. 

The CLAT exam shall test certain specific skills of the candidates, such as their ability to read and analyze situations correctly, their analytical and logical thinking capacity, and their legal reasoning power, including their approach to solving various factual case scenarios. 

CLAT Exam – Framework

There are multiple sections in the CLAT examination. Not all of them carry equal; weightage. It is very important for students to understand which section carries heavy weight so that they can focus on the same while preparing. It also helps students to analyze the paper well and devise a smart and effective preparation plan to strategize their performance even better. It is time now to look at the overall structure of the CLAT UG exam.

Topics  Number of Questions Weightage Percentage
English Language 28-32 20%
Legal Reasoning 35-39  25 %
Quantitative Techniques 13 -17 10 %
Logical Reasoning  28 – 32 20 %
Current Affairs and General Knowledge 35 – 39  25 %


Here are some of the core legal topics that candidates must prepare to perform well in the CLAT LLM exam:

  • Constitutional Law
  • Contract Torts
  • Criminal Law
  • International Law
  • IPR 
  • Jurisprudence 

Hacks for Better Performance in CLAT

Here are some valuable tricks and tips that will help candidates ace the CLAT exam: 

  • Have a thorough knowledge of the syllabus. Know about the marks distribution and weightage of the topics
  • Preparation should be according to a schedule. Maintain a routine while preparing for the exam. Dedicated and consistent preparation will help candidates to crack the exam easily. 
  • Practice Legal Reasoning questions. These are usually a new set of questions that candidates encounter for the first time during the CLAT exam. Hence, they often get confused about how to deal with these. Thus, it is very important to have a rigorous practice of such questions through mock tests. 

Coaching for the CLAT exam

You can crack the CLAT exam even in the first attempt with appropriate preparation and an effective study strategy. A reputed CLAT preparation class can help you attain suitable skills that will help you crack the CLAT exam and understand the CLAT syllabus better. Get the best study materials and guidance from industry experts and walk fast towards your goal to get into the best law institutes in the country. Connect with CLAT coaching classes and fast-track your preparation with effective mock test series. Evaluate your performance, identify your strengths and weakness to work upon them, and practice regularly.