CLAT is a national exam administered by the Consortium of NLUs for admission to members NLUs’ 5-year integrated LLB and one-year LLM programs. CLAT scores are also utilized for recruiting by self-financed legal schools and public sector organizations.

The CLAT 2023 exam will be held in 82 cities on December 18, 2022. The 2-hour exam will be offline, with candidates marking their answers on OMR sheets. The CLAT application deadline for 2023 has yet to be announced. 

Important Exam details to keep in mind

NAME OF THE EXAMCommon Law Admission Test (CLAT)
Conducting bodyThe Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs)
Exam dateDecember 18, 2022
Number of seatsCLAT-based seat Intake: 5-year integrated LLB program – 2538 seatsLLM program – 742 seats
Participating NLUs22
Purpose of examAdmission toBA LLB, B.Sc LLB, BBA LLB, B.Com LLB, BSW LLB, and, LLM
Official website 

Eligibility Criteria for CLAT 2023

The NLUs provide a 5-year integrated LLB program and a one-year LLM program. The CLAT 2023 eligibility criteria are course-specific; thus, the candidate should consult the program they are applying to.

The official brochure will provide information about CLAT 2023 eligibility. However, the following crucial details are based on the prior year’s eligibility criteria:

  • CLAT has no age limit for applicants or test takers.
  • NRIs, OCIs, PIOs, and Foreign Nationals are all eligible to apply or take the CLAT.
  • CLAT 2023 will demand a minimum score of 50% in the qualifying exam for general category candidates and 45 percent for reserved category candidates.

To appear for CLAT UG, you must be in the following eligibility criteria-

  • Must have completed 12th grade at a recognized university or institution.
  • There is no upper age limit.
  • A cumulative grade point average of a minimum of 45 percent.

To appear for CLAT PG, you must qualify in the following eligibility criteria-

  • LLB degree from a reputable institution is required.
  • There is no higher age limit.
  • A cumulative grade point average of a minimum of 55 percent.

CLAT Preparation 2023: Syllabus 

Candidates should familiarise themselves with the test structure and questions asked in the CLAT examination by reading the exam pattern and syllabus before beginning their CLAT preparation. The CLAT 2023 curriculum will also assist candidates in understanding the mark distribution by section. Candidates can review the syllabus and the pattern in the sections below.

Syllabus for CLAT UG exam

EnglishInherence and conclusionVocabularysummaryComprehension PassageArguments or viewpoints Meaning of different phrases and words
General KnowledgeRecent developments in India and over the worldArts and Global culture Significant historical events Current events- National & Global Affairs, 
Legal ReasoningIdentifying the rules and principles on which the passage is based Application of these rules and principles
Logical ReasoningInferenceArgument (premise and conclusion)Relationships and analoguesContradictions and EquivalenceWeakening & Strengthening arguments
Quantitative TechniquesGraphs Basic AlgebraMensurationNumerical informationStatistical estimationRatios and proportions

Syllabus for CLAT PG exam 

Constitutional lawSubject-wise and Judicial Power; Constitution of India: Framing, Doctrine, Executive Power; Constitutional Rights; Freedom Rights
Criminal lawGroup Liability, Abetment, Criminal Conspiracy, Exceptions, Elements of Crime, Offences Against Public Tranquility, Attempt to Commit Offences, Offences against Body
TortsClassification of Torts, Liability for Misstatements, Trespass, Nuisance, Defamation, Negligence
International lawInternational Law of Sea, Air, Land, Overview of International Law, Origin and Development of International Law and Bodies 
Intellectual property rightsTrademarks Act 1999, Patents Act 1970, Copyright Act 1957, Nature, Definition, and Scope of IPR, IPR in International Perspective

CLAT Preparation 2023: Examination Pattern

CategoryCLAT UG examCLAT PG exam
Time limit120 minutes120 minutes
Mode of ExaminationPen and paperPen and paper
Type of questionsObjective and comprehension based questionsObjective and Comprehension based questions
Number of Questions150120
Sections of the paperLegal ReasoningGeneral AwarenessEnglish language Quantitative AptitudeLogical ReasoningConstitutional LawLaw SubjectsContracts  TortsCriminal Law International LawIPRJurisprudence.
Total marks150 marks120 marks
Marking scheme1 mark for every correct answer and 0.25 marks deducted for every wrong answer1 mark for every correct answer and 0.25 to be cut for every wrong answer

Except for the quantitative component, the CLAT question paper will consist of texts followed by a sequence of questions. Questions in the quantitative portion are based on graphs, pictorial representations, facts, and others.

CLAT 2023 preparation tips

The following are some CLAT exam preparation ideas, 

  1. Preparation Process

Students must establish a proper plan to focus on the necessary components to achieve their exam objectives. Candidates who applied for CLAT 2023 should stick to their plan and focus on the essential subjects rather than fretting about what was left out.

  1. Accelerate your reading skills.

CLAT is a challenging exam that demands students to analyze complicated legal and non-legal documents quickly. As a result, the practice should increase reading speed while also increasing legal knowledge. Candidates should read editorials, articles, news analyses, journals, and legal papers to improve their reading and analytical skills.

  1. Practice with Mock Tests

Solve as many exam papers from the previous year as possible and concentrate on your weak areas.

  1. Write notes and revise them.

Candidates should take handwritten notes while reading basic books or newspapers. It would be easier to prepare if you took notes, highlighted significant ideas, or created flow charts or diagrams. The CLAT notes will also come in helpful in later stages of preparation when you need to revise numerous books in a short amount of time.

  1. Practice with CLAT preparation books

Following books can help you in preparing for CLAT 2023,

  • A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Analytical Reasoning (English) by M.K. Pandey
  • Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Arihant Publications
  • Pearson’s Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations

Candidates interested in pursuing a legal career should begin studying for the exam after passing 11th grade. Learn as much as possible about the CLAT Eligibility criteria and the entire curriculum for CLAT 2023, including a complete understanding of each course. 

Remember to revise regularly and conduct self-observation sessions to eradicate your doubts.