CLAT is one of India’s most essential law tests, and it will be held for admission to the country’s top law schools. It takes a lot of judgment to figure out how to pass the exam before it’s too late to start studying.
The Legal Aptitude questions for CLAT assess your legal “reasoning” rather than your legal “knowledge.” Legal Reasoning is the most critical component of the legal aptitude section regarding marks awarded. Legal Knowledge is the other component, which comprises questions based on legal facts and current affairs in law. Therefore, it is necessary to apply the provided principle to the circumstances. This portion aims to assess a student’s legal aptitude, research aptitude, and problem-solving abilities. Whenever a legal term is used in the question, it is defined in the legal principle’s text.
CLAT Legal Aptitude Exam pattern
The CLAT question paper will consist of texts followed by questions, except for the quantitative component. The exam lasts 2 hours or 120 minutes for undergraduate and graduate students.
The complete CLAT UG Exam 2022 question paper consists of passages followed by five to six multiple-choice questions. These questions would be grouped into five categories:
- English Language
- Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
- Legal Reasoning
- Logical Reasoning
- Quantitative Techniques
CLAT Legal Aptitude Sample Questions
Following are some sample questions based on the Legal Aptitude Syllabus for CLAT 2022:
Based on the Current affairs and General Knowledge Section:
In August, the world’s attention was concentrated on Brazil and its government’s response for a few weeks. In August, when (1)’s burning was maximum, there were thousands of isolated cases when the fires peaked in August, almost three times as many that month- compared to last year.
Forest fires occur during the dry season, from July through October. They can be triggered by natural events such as lightning strikes, but most are believed to have been started this year by farmers and loggers clearing land for crops or pasture. This is significant since the Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest and a crucial carbon sink that helps to limit the rate of global warming.
The fires sparked outrage worldwide, with dozens of cities holding rallies, threats of financial fines, and widespread condemnation of Brazilian President  ‘s environmental policies.
In late August, Mr  sent the army to the  and announced a 60-day prohibition on setting fires to clear land there. The efforts worked: the number of fires in the  fell by a third between August and September. This month, the pace has slowed much more, and it is likely to slow even more now that the yearly rains have begun. However, there is evidence that the issue is more severe than it appears.
This is because deforestation, not rainforest burning, is the most severe issue. Traditionally, rainforest  is felled, dried, and then burned. By the time the ban was enacted, massive deforestation had already occurred. As a result, the prohibition averted only more burning.
1.1The name of the on-fire rainforest has been replaced with ‘’ in the preceding passage.
What is the rainforest’s name?
(d) Australian outback
1.2 The name of the President of the country where the rainforest in question is located has been changed to ‘’ in the preceding passage.
What is the President’s name?
(a) Evo Morales
(b) Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
(c) Dilma Rousseff
(d) Jair Bolsonaro
1.3 One of the main reasons why the fires detailed in the preceding passage were so devastating because the rainforest in question is:
(a) The world’s largest habitat of orangutans
(b) The world’s largest terrestrial carbon dioxide sink
(c) The world’s smallest rainforest
(d) The world’s largest habitat of dolphins
Based on the Legal Reasoning Section:
Each series of questions in this part is based on the prior passage’s reasoning and arguments or facts and principles. Although some of these concepts may not be correct in a legal sense, you must presume they are correct for this section. Please answer each question based on the information provided in the passage. Do not depend on any legal principles, and do not assume any facts other than those provided to you. In certain cases, when there can be more than a single response to the question; in this case, choose the option that most accurately and thoroughly answers the issue.
Citizens and non-citizens are the two types of people who make up a state’s population. A state’s citizen has full civil and political rights. A non-citizen, on the other hand, does not have access to all of these privileges. Certain fundamental rights are reserved for citizens under the Indian Constitution. This includes the right of freedom from discrimination based on religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth (Article 15). They also have the right to equitable treatment in public employment (Article 16) and freedom of expression, association, movement, residence, and profession (Article 19). They also have cultural and educational rights (Articles 29 and the ability to vote and serve in the federal and state legislatures.
Several offices, including president (Article 58(1)(a)), vice-president (Article 66(2)), Supreme Court- Article 124(3), and high courts- Article 217(2), governor of state (Article 157), attorney general (Article 76(1)), and advocate general (Article 76(1)), can be inhabited solely by citizens (Article 165). Non-citizens have the same rights as citizens regarding equality before the law or equal protection under the law (Article 14) and protection of life or personal liberty (Article 21).
It merely defines the categories of people assumed to be Indian citizens when the Indian Constitution was published on January 26, 1950. It then leaves citizenship to be governed by Parliament. Article 11 of the Constitution entitles Parliament to enact citizenship legislation. To implement this provision, the Indian Citizenship Act of 1955 was enacted. Section 3 of Indian Citizenship Act, 1955 was modified by the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2003, provided that individuals who were born after December 3, 2004, are deemed to be citizens of India if both of their parents are Indian citizens or if one of their parents is a citizen of India and the other parent is not an illegal migrant at the time of birth.
Under the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955, an “illegal migrant” is a foreigner who entered India either with or without a valid passport or travel documents but stayed in the country for longer than allowed.
Suppose the Central Government believes that an applicant has provided remarkable service to the cause of science, philosophy, art, literature, global peace, or human advancement in general. In that case, it may waive all or any of the prerequisites for obtaining Indian citizenship under Section 6.
1.1The state passes a new law prohibiting foreign visitors to India from posting on their social media accounts during their stay in the country. Alex, a foreign visitor to India, challenges the law on the grounds that it infringes on foreigners’ fundamental rights in India.
Is Alex’s challenge going to be successful?
(a) Yes, since prohibiting persons from posting on their social media accounts is not a violation of the freedom of speech and expression.
(b) Yes, since all foreigners have the right to post on their social media accounts, the government cannot restrict this right
(c) No, since the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression is only available to citizens, and foreigners staying in India temporarily are not citizens.
(d) No, since prohibiting persons from posting on their social media accounts is a violation of the freedom of speech and expression.
You can find more sample questions and previous year questions on different websites for CLAT preparation as well as in the following books:
- Legal Aptitude/ Legal Reasoning- AP Bhardwaj for Legal Knowledge
- Complete CLAT Companion- Harsh Gagrani for Legal Aptitude (Both Reasoning and Knowledge).
- CLAT Magazine- LegalEdge for Current Legal Knowledge
- A Modern Approach To Logical Reasoning- R.S. Aggarwal
- Analytical Reasoning- M.K. Pandey
- Legal Journals and daily newspapers
In addition, you should practice your ability to read and understand large amounts of text, keep updated on news and current affairs by reading reputed newspapers and magazines regularly and enhance your speed of answering quantitative technique questions by practising with materials, such as 10th-grade mathematics textbooks.
With such a preparation strategy, you can expect to answer the legal aptitude questions for CLAT well and clear the CLAT exams quickly.
Also read: English Language Questions for CLAT