The Indian Judiciary has always worked upon improving the status of women in India and towards the welfare of the women. It has always strived to provide women with equal rights and position in society. Considering the increasing number of crimes against women, it is crucial that women must be aware of the rights and provisions are given to them by the government.
This article will discuss the eight revolutionizing laws passed by the Indian government for the welfare of the women citizen of India.
- Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
It is act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry. Enacted on May 1, 1961, Dowry Prohibition Act intends to prevent the giving or receiving of a dowry. Under the Dowry Prohibition Act, dowry includes property, goods, or money given by either party to the marriage, by the parents of either party, or by anyone else in connection with the marriage. The Dowry Prohibition Act applies to persons of all religions in India.
- Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
As per this law, all working women are entitled to paid leaves during their maternity.
The maternity benefit Act 1961 protects the employment of women during the time of her maternity and entitles her of a ‘maternity benefit’ – i.e. full paid absence from work – to take care for her child. The act is applicable to all establishments employing 10 or more persons.
- Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
It is an Act to provide protection against sexual harassment of women at workplace and for the prevention and redressal of complaints of sexual harassment and for matters connected
therewith or incidental thereto.
It was implemented to maintain the dignity of the working women at their offices and workplaces.
- Indecent Representation of Women (Prevention) Act,1986
This act ensures the prohibition of publication or sending by post of books, pamphlets, etc., containing indecent representation of women. No person shall produce or cause to be produced, sell, let to hire, distribute, circulate or send by post any book, pamphlet, paper, slide, film, writing, drawing, painting, photograph, representation or figure which contains indecent representation of women in any form.
- National Commission for Women Act, 1990
It is an act to constitute a National Commission for Women and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto for the welfare of the women.
The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No.20 of 1990 of Govt.of India) to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
- Equal Remuneration Act, 1976
An Act to provide for the payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and for the prevention of discrimination, on the ground of sex, against women in the matter of employment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
It ensures that women get equal pay to men on the same position at theirs. It prevents any discrimination based on gender in workplaces.
- The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
It is an act to provide for the more effective prevention of the commission of sati and its glorification and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. It prevents the evil of Sati where a wife was cremated alive along with her dead husband.
- Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to protect women from domestic violence. It was brought into force by the Indian government from 26 October 2006. The Act provides for the first time in Indian law a definition of “domestic violence”, with this definition being broad and including not only physical violence, but also other forms of violence such as emotional/verbal, sexual, and economic abuse. All done by the Government for welfare of the women.