India has several important laws that every citizen of the country must know. These laws came into action after the independence of India and are taken into consideration effectively. The law system of India is structured into three types of laws- civil laws, common laws, and customary laws. We will share some fundamental rights in India, that every CLAT aspirant must know.
If you are preparing for a law entrance exam with CLAT courses, then you need to know at least the fundamental laws of India. You will learn about all the laws in detail during your graduation, but before that, let’s understand some most crucial laws in the modern legal system of India.
The Right to Information or RTI act of the Indian Parliament is meant for all the citizens of the country. This law allows every Indian citizen to ask for information from the public authorities. The authorities will be bound to provide the requested information within thirty days.
If the requested information is associated with a matter related to the life and liberty of the petitioner, then the public authority will provide it within two days.
The Right to Information Act came into action in October 2005, after the bill passed by the Indian Parliament in June 2005. The statistics show that there are nearly 5000 RTI applications per day. To provide information with minimum efforts, the public authorities maintain computerized records of the most requested information. Citizens can seek this information quickly on the internet without approaching any public authority.
The name of this law is self-explanatory. The Right to Equality is applicable to all the citizens of India. It states that everybody is equal before the law. Nobody can be biased on the basis of any aspects, including untouchability, sex, religion, race, caste, place of birth, or titles.
Any state can not discriminate against the citizens of the country when it comes to providing new opportunities in terms of employment or appointment in any public organization. The Right to Equality also includes the abolition of untouchability and titles. To sum up, this fundamental right says that every citizen is supposed to be treated the same by the laws. You might have read about this in more depth in your CLAT preparation books.
Right to Education
This is one of the most prominent fundamental rights in India. It states that everyone has the right to seek education. It should be free of cost for at least the students in elementary school. The law makes elementary education compulsory. Moreover, the Indian constitution says that technical and professional education should be accessible for every higher education student.
The aim of enabling education should be to develop the citizen, his/her personality as a human, and having respect for the freedom and rights of humans. The Right to Education further describes that education should influence the idea of understanding and friendship between countries, groups related to religions, and the activities of the UN for peace.
For parents, this law means that they have the liability toforelecting the type of education they want their children to seek.
Right Against Exploitation
The aim of this fundamental law or right is to protect the works or employees from being exploited. The Right Against Exploitation forbids human trafficking, forced labour, making anyone work without wages, etc. It is also applicable in the cases where children below 14 years are made to work in factories, mines, and other complex jobs. To be precise, this law saves the dignity of a person and being forced to work.
Right to Life
The Right to Life of the Indian Constitution states that everybody has the right to live. Nobody should kill any other citizen. It also means that no government entity, including the police, has the right to kill anybody.
Mainly, the right to life is approached and debated upon when it comes to abortion, police brutality, animal rights, war, capital punishment, homicide, etc. Regarding abortion, the law says that even a child who is yet to born has the right to life. For a more robust CLAT preparation, you must know every aspect of this law.
In order to prepare strongly, you must know about the fundamental rights in India along with practicing CLAT mock test series and enrolling in CLAT online classes. These fundamental laws are applicable to every citizen of the country, which must be very well-known to law students.