CLAT 2021 is just a few days away. For those who are leaving no stone unturned in preparation, it also makes sense to keep yourself prepared for some important questions that are highly likely to come in this year’s paper.
One of the trending topics recently has been the Farmers Bill 2020. If you are looking for questions asked in CLAT 2021, then you must prepare well for this topic. Indian President had given his nod on the Farmer’s Bill 2020 in September last year and the bill was passed by the parliament in the same month.
The aim of the government with the three farm bills was to provide freedom of choice to farmers in the country. As per the government, the farmers will get several marketplaces.
However, the terms of the bill didn’t go well with some agricultural leaders and unions. To oppose the new farmer’s bill 2020, there were massive protests and even a Bharat Bandh scenario.
CLAT 2021 Questions on Farmer Bill
For those doing CLAT preparation, here are some important CLAT questions to expect.
What are the Acts passed by the parliament for farmers?
- Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce(Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020
As per this law, the farmers have the right to create a contract with companies and traders to sell their crops and other produce for a period of time decided in the agreement.
- The Farmer (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020
With this bill, the aim of the governement is to allow farmers to sell their crops and products to any individual or entity they want. The farmers are not limited to selling the produce to only APMC (Agriculture Produce Market Committee) approved marketplaces or mandis. They now choose to sell inter-state, intra-state, or even online.
- The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020
According to this act, the companies and markets are not allowed to hoard certain commodities that are considered essential. This is because hoarding can create shortages in the market.
Why are farmers protesting?
Since the new laws allow farmers to sell their products to anyone, such as retail giants and exporters, it affects the commission agents and mandis.
When the government procure any crop from the farmers, it is done on the basis of an MSP set by the government. If traders, companies and farmers handle the MSP system, the farmers are scared that they won’t be able to negotiate with the traders and companies directly on the prices.
With the protest, the demand of the farmers from the government is to simply withdraw the new farm laws. They say that these laws will deregulate the sale of their produce. The farmers want the MSP system to continue.
What are the pros and cons of the new farm bill?
Pros of the Farmers Bill:
- A flexible system
- Additional scope of selling products
- Removing chances of traders holding stocks
- Farmers get stipulated pricing
- Farmers can sell without any agents. It saves the cost of commission.
Cons of the Farmers Bill:
- Impacts the monopoly of agricultural produce market committee (APMC) mandis
- No proper laws for mandating the application of MSP (except for a few crops)
- State governments may lose revenue as they won’t be collecting the market fee
- Farmers are scared of price fixation and signing agreements before producing crops
What are the opinions of top lawyers on the Farmers Bill?
Most of the top lawyers are supporting the protest, mainly because the cases of the farmers will be handled by the civil servants rather than courts.
The Supreme Court’s Bar Association president, Prashant Dave, called the new laws illegal and unconstitutional. He also termed these laws as an unfortunate and indirect attack on India’s legal fraternity.
The Bar Council of Delhi and the All Bar Association of Delhi also supported the Farmers Bill Protest, calling it “anti-farmer, anti-public, and anti-advocates”. There was also a demand for Bharat Bandh last year, which was not supported by the Bar Council of India (BCI).
So, these are a few of the most important CLAT 2021 questions related to Farmers Bill 2020. You must read everything about this topic to ensure maximum marks and be able to answer every question correctly. Also, don’t miss out on keeping yourself up-to-date with the latest current affairs till the date of the exam.